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Batroun, story of a forgotten city

..... ....This is the best-known period in the history of Batroun. Batroun was a small port and centre of government for the caza (sub-prefecture) of the same name. Although the coast line of this district did not extend far, only from Selaata to Madfoun, the hinterland was extensive, covering the localities of Douma, Besheyaleh, Tannourine, Qnet, Hadath el-Joubbeh, Hasroun, Bsharry, Ehden, Zgharta and Hermel and its surroundings. The prosperity of Batroun at this time had various reasons, religious, cultural, artistic, architectural and economic. As local capital with its mills, olive-presses, shops, hostelries and schools, it attracted a mixed population. The prosperity of the town was reflected in the wealth of its population, as shown by the rich villas decorated with painted murals, the Greek Orthodox church of Saint George and also the church of Our Lady of the Square and St. Stephen’s Cathedral, both Maronite. During this time Batroun and its surroundings prospered from the culture of mulberry trees, whose leaves provided the staple food of silkworms (19,200kg. of cocoons in 1906), olive trees (7,500 kg. of olive oil in 1906), vines, almond trees, fig trees, wheat, barley, maize and tobacco. The sea made a considerable contribution to the diet of the people of Batroun. Industry was generally on the artisan level as in the case of the treating of tobacco, the production of salt, the cleaning of sponges and the unravelling of the silkworm cocoons. Batroun also played an important cultural role, being the birthplace of a certain number of poets and writers and having a printing-press which produced newspapers, reviews and books...... ....


Decree N. 2385 of 17/1/1924 as amended by law N. 76 of 3/4/1999 ( articles 2, 5, 15, 49 and 85 ) lays down as follows:
The author of a literary or artistic work, by the very fact of authorship, has absolute right of ownership over the work, without obligation of recourse to formal procedures . The author will himself enjoy the benefit of exploitation of his work, and he possesses exclusive rights of publication and of the reproduction under any form whatsoever. Whether the work in question comes under the public domain or not those persons will be liable to imprisonment for a period of one to three years and to fine of between five and fifty million Lebanese pounds, or to either one of these penalties, who
1-will have appended or caused to be appended a usurped name on a literary or artistic work;
2-will have fraudulently imitated the signature or trademark adopted by an author, with a view to deceiving the buyer;
3-will have counterfeited a literary or artistic work;
4-or will have knowingly sold, received, or put on sale or into circulation a work which is counterfeit or signed with a forged signature.
The punishment will be increased in the event of repetition.