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Barouk Cedars nature reserve

..... ....The expansion of the Roman Empire into Syria and Lebanon had its detrimental effect on the cedars until the Emperor Hadrian installed the markers around the boundary of the remaining forests and declared them Imperial Domain. Specimens of these markers have been preserved and stored in museum collections. The Ottoman Turks deforested all of the cedar growing areas within easy transport distance of their Hijaz railway to provide fuel for their wood-burning engines. Only the highest and most remote groves escaped damage. In the modern-day Lebanon the legendary cedar is still revered and remains prominent in the minds of all Lebanese. The cedar features on the national flag, the national airline, Government logos, the Lebanese currency and innumerable commercial logos. It is the feature of books, poetry, post cards, posters and art. The Cedars of Lebanon are truly an important part of the cultural heritage of the people of Lebanon...... ....


Decree N. 2385 of 17/1/1924 as amended by law N. 76 of 3/4/1999 ( articles 2, 5, 15, 49 and 85 ) lays down as follows:
The author of a literary or artistic work, by the very fact of authorship, has absolute right of ownership over the work, without obligation of recourse to formal procedures . The author will himself enjoy the benefit of exploitation of his work, and he possesses exclusive rights of publication and of the reproduction under any form whatsoever. Whether the work in question comes under the public domain or not those persons will be liable to imprisonment for a period of one to three years and to fine of between five and fifty million Lebanese pounds, or to either one of these penalties, who
1-will have appended or caused to be appended a usurped name on a literary or artistic work;
2-will have fraudulently imitated the signature or trademark adopted by an author, with a view to deceiving the buyer;
3-will have counterfeited a literary or artistic work;
4-or will have knowingly sold, received, or put on sale or into circulation a work which is counterfeit or signed with a forged signature.
The punishment will be increased in the event of repetition.